Задания на перефраз всегда были неотъемлемой частью олимпиад, но в первом проекте заданий ЦТ по английскому языку они также упоминались как возможный формат заданий.
Упражнение на перефраз
Перефраз или key Word Transformation предполагает использование предлагаемого слова и составление аналога первому предложению. Чаще всего приходится воссоздать некую грамматическую структуру, но возможно встретиться с предложными фразами или фразовыми глаголами.
1.Perhaps she has gone away as I haven’t seen her at work lately.
She _________ as I haven’t seen her at work lately.
2.He will probably make for Warsaw.
He _________ for Warsaw.
3.His tuition fee is too high for me.
His tuition fee _________ for me
4.We found the view out of our rooms fascinating.
We _________ out of our rooms.
5.It’s ten years since I travelled worldwide.
I _________ ten years.
6.When did you go sightseeing?
How long _________ sightseeing?
7.He has decided to head for Africa; we can’t stop him.
We _________ for Africa.
8.He didn’t go in that direction because he didn’t want to meet her.
He didn’t go in that direction _________ her.
9.Routes A & B are thought to be alike.
Route A _________ B.
10.I have never paid such a high fee.
It _________ever paid.
11.Under no circumstances should you try to cross any border illegally.
Under no circumstances _________ illegally.
12.It is still possible to book a room with a view over the lake during a tourist season.
A room with a view over the lake _________ during a tourist season.
13.»What about going sightseeing tonight?» asked Mary.
Marry _________ night.
14.»You must keep up with the rest of the class.», she said.
She (insisted on my keeping) up with the rest of the class.
15.I was about to pull in and talked to them when I realised that it was unsafe.
I would have pulled in _________ that it was unsafe.
16.He only exceeds speed limit when he is late.
Only when he is late, _________ speed limit.
17.If the timetable changes, we will inform you.
We will inform you, _________.
18.Like many local people, I dislike noisy tourists so does Ann.
Like many local people, _________ noisy tourists
19.If you arrange the holiday on your own, it will be better.
If you _________, it will be better.
20.You mustn’t lose this hockey stick.
You _________ this hockey stick.
21.It’s forbidden to get up to something illegal.
You _________ something illegal.
22.Could you train a little bit harder?
Would _________ a little bit harder?
23.His injury made him pull out of the final game.
He _________ of the final game because of his injury.
24.I have never had a go at playing tennis.
It’s the _________ had a go at playing tennis.
25.The last time he did his best was weeks ago.
He _________ weeks.
26.He didn’t win a gold medal because he lost his final game.
He lost his final game _________ he didn’t win a gold medal.
27.He is such a good umpire that everyone listens to him.
He is _________ that everyone listens to him.
28.I have never found beating such an opponent difficult.
It’s _________ beating such an opponent difficult.
29.The referee is really strict to all the competitors.
The referee _________ all the competitors.
30.My opponent didn’t object to my bringing the match forward.
My opponent didn’t object to _________ forward.
Ответы к упражнению на перефраз
1.may/might have gone away 2.is likely to make 3.is not low enough 4.were fascinated by the view 5.have not travelled worldwide for 6.is it since you went 7.can’t prevent him from heading 8.so as not to meet 9.is similar to route 10.is the highest fee I have 11.should a border be crossed 12.can be booked 13.suggested going sightseeing that 14.insisted on my/me keeping 15.if I hadn’t realised 16.does he exceed 17.should the timetable change 18.neither I, nor Ann like(s) 19.arrange the holiday by yourself 20.are not allowed to lose 21.mustn’t get up to 22.you mind training 23.was made to pull out 24.fist time I have ever 25.hasn’t done his best for 26.and as a result 27.so good an umpire 28.the fist time I have found 29.behaves in a strict way with 30.the match being brought
В рамках подготовки к ЦТ и ЦЭ по английскому языку рассмотрены следующие направления для использования Destination B2: лексика, поиск лишнего слова, слово, подходящее для двух пропусков, фразовые глаголы, словообразование.